How to clean and disinfect?
Wear disposable gloves to
clean and disinfect.
• Clean surfaces using
soap and water. Practice
routine cleaning of frequently
High touch surfaces include:
Tables, doorknobs, light
switches, countertops, handles,
desks, phones, keyboards,
toilets, faucets, sinks, etc.
• Clean the area or item with soap and
water or another detergent if it is dirty.
Then, use a household disinfectant.
• Recommend use of EPA-registered
Follow the instructions on the label
to ensure safe and effective use of
Many products recommend:
– Keeping surface wet for a period of
time (see product label).
– Precautions such as wearing gloves
and making sure you have good
ventilation during use of the product
• Diluted household bleach solutions may
also be used if appropriate for the surface.
Check to ensure the product is not past its
expiration date. Unexpired household bleach
will be effective against coronaviruses when
•Follow manufacturer’s instructions for
application and proper ventilation. Never mix
household bleach with ammonia or any
•Leave solution on the surface for at least
•To make a bleach solution, mix:
– 5 tablespoons (1/3rd cup) bleach per gallon
– 4 teaspoons bleach per quart of water
• Alcohol solutions with at least 70% alcohol.
For soft surfaces such as carpeted
floor, rugs, and drapes
• Clean the surface using
soap and water or with
cleaners appropriate for use
on these surfaces.
• Launder items (if possible) according to
the manufacturer’s instructions. Use the
warmest appropriate water setting and dry
• Disinfect with an EPA-registered
household disinfectant. These
disinfectants meet EPA’s criteria for use
• For electronics, such as
tablets, touch screens,
keyboards, and remote
• Consider putting a
• Follow manufacturer’s instruction for
cleaning and dinfecting.
– If no guidance, use alcohol-based wipes
or sprays containing at least 70%
alcohol. Dry surface thoroughly.
For clothing, towels, linens and
• Launder items according
to the manufacturer’s
instructions. Use the
warmest appropriate water setting and
dry items completely.
• Wear disposable gloves when handling
dirty laundry from a person who is sick.
• Dirty laundry from a person who is sick can
be washed with other people’s items.
• Do not shake dirty laundry.
• Clean and disinfect clothes hampers
according to guidance above for surfaces.
• Remove gloves, and wash hands right away.
Clean hands often
• Wash your hands often with
soap and water for 20 seconds.
– Always wash immediately
after removing gloves and
after contact with a person
who is sick.
• Hand sanitizer: If soap and water are not
readily available and hands are not visibly dirty,
use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60%
alcohol. However, if hands are visibly dirty,
always wash hands with soap and water.
• Additional key times to clean hands include:
– After blowing one’s nose, coughing, or
– After using the restroom
– Before eating or preparing food
– After contact with animals or pets
– Before and after providing routine care for
another person who needs assistance
(e.g. a child)
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth
with unwashed hands.
When Someone is Sick
Bedroom and Bathroom
Keep separate bedroom and
bathroom for a person who is
sick (if possible)
• The person who is sick should
stay separated from other people in the home (as
much as possible).
• If you have a separate bedroom and
bathroom: Only clean the area around the
person who is sick when needed, such as when
the area is soiled. This will help limit your
contact with the person who is sick.
– Caregivers can provide personal
cleaning supplies to the person who
is sick (if appropriate). Supplies include
tissues, paper towels, cleaners, and EPAregistered disinfectants. If they feel up to
it, the person who is sick can clean their
• If shared bathroom: The person who is sick
should clean and disinfect after each use.
If this is not possible, the caregiver should
wait as long as possible before cleaning and
• See precautions for household members and
caregivers for more information.
• Stay separated: The person
who is sick should eat (or be
fed) in their room if possible.
• Wash dishes and utensils
using gloves and hot
water: Handle any used dishes, cups/glasses, or
silverware with gloves. Wash
them with soap and hot water
or in a dishwasher.
• Clean hands after taking off
gloves or handling used items.
• Dedicated, lined trash can: If possible, dedicate
a lined trash can for the person who is sick. Use
gloves when removing garbage bags, and handling
and disposing of trash. Wash hands afterwards.